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Windows主机漏洞扫描工具

0×00 说明:

这是一款基于主机的漏洞扫描工具,采用多线程确保可以快速的请求数据,采用线程锁可以在向sqlite数据库中写入数据避免database is locked的错误,采用md5哈希算法确保数据不重复插入。

本工具查找是否有公开exp的网站为shodan,该网站限制网络发包的速度,因而采用了单线程的方式,且耗时较长。

功能:

查找主机上具有的CVE

查找具有公开EXP的CVE

Windows主机漏洞扫描工具

0×01 起因:

因为需要做一些主机漏洞扫描方面的工作,因而编写了这个简单的工具。之前也查找了几款类似的工具,如下:

vulmap:

vulmon开发的一款开源工具,原理是根据软件的名称和版本号来确定,是否有CVE及公开的EXP。这款Linux的工具挺好用,但是对于Windows系统层面不太适用。

windows-exp-suggester:

这款和本工具的原理一样,尝试使用了之后,发现它的CVEKB数据库只更新到2017年的,并且没有给出CVE是否有公开的EXP信息。

基于以上所以写了这个简单的工具,该项目在https://github.com/chroblert/WindowsVulnScan

0×02 原理:

1. 搜集CVE与KB的对应关系。首先在微软官网上收集CVE与KB对应的关系,然后存储进数据库中

2. 查找特定CVE网上是否有公开的EXP

3. 利用powershell脚本收集主机的一些系统版本与KB信息

4. 利用系统版本与KB信息搜寻主机上具有存在公开EXP的CVE

0×03 参数:

 # author: JC0o0l
 # GitHub: https://github.com/chroblert/
 可选参数:
   -h, --help           show this help message and exit
   -u, --update-cve     更新CVEKB数据
   -U, --update-exp     更新CVEEXP数据
   -C, --check-EXP       检索具有EXP的CVE
   -f FILE, --file FILE ps1脚本运行后产生的.json文件

0×04 示例:

1. 首先运行powershell脚本KBCollect.ps收集一些信息

 .\KBCollect.ps1

2. 将运行后产生的KB.json文件移动到cve-check.py所在的目录

3. 安装一些python3模块

 python3 -m pip install requirements.txt

4. 运行cve-check.py -u创建CVEKB数据库

5. 运行cve-check.py -U更新CVEKB数据库中的hasPOC字段

6. 运行cve-check.py -C -f KB.json查看具有公开EXP的CVE,如下:

1583672504536

0×05 源码:

KBCollect.ps1:

 function Get-CollectKB(){
     # 1. 搜集所有的KB补丁
     $KBArray = @()
     $KBArray = Get-HotFix|ForEach-Object {$_.HotFixId}
     $test = $KBArray|ConvertTo-Json
     return $test
 }
 function Get-BasicInfo(){
     # 1. 操作系统
     # $windowsProductName = (Get-ComputerInfo).WindowsProductName
     $windowsProductName = (Get-CimInstance Win32_OperatingSystem).Caption
     # 2. 操作系统版本
     $windowsVersion = (Get-ComputerInfo).WindowsVersion
     $basicInfo = "{""windowsProductName"":""$windowsProductName"",""windowsVersion"":""$windowsVersion""}"
     return $basicInfo
     
 }
 $basicInfo = Get-BasicInfo
 $KBList = Get-CollectKB
 $KBResult = "{""basicInfo"":$basicInfo,""KBList"":$KBList}"
 $KBResult|Out-File KB.json -encoding utf8

cve-check.py:

 import requests
 import sqlite3
 import json
 import hashlib
 import math
 import re
 import threading
 import time
 import argparse
 from pathlib import Path
 # 删除一些ssl 认证的warnging信息
 requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings()
 
 ThreadCount=20
 DBFileName="CVEKB.db"
 TableName="CVEKB"
 insertSQL = []
 updateSQL = []
 lock = threading.Lock()
 KBResult = {}
 parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
 parser.add_argument("-u","--update-cve",help="更新CVEKB数据",action="store_true")
 parser.add_argument("-U","--update-exp",help="更新CVEEXP数据",action="store_true")
 parser.add_argument("-C","--check-EXP",help="检索具有EXP的CVE",action="store_true")
 parser.add_argument("-f","--file",help="ps1脚本运行后产生的.json文件")
 args = parser.parse_args()
 
 class CVEScanThread(threading.Thread):
     def __init__(self,func,args,name="",):
         threading.Thread.__init__(self)
         self.func = func
         self.args = args
         self.name = name 
         self.result = None
 
     def run(self):
         print("thread:{} :start scan page {}".format(self.args[1],self.args[0]))
         self.result = self.func(self.args[0],)
         print("thread:{} :stop scan page {}".format(self.args[1],self.args[0]))
 class EXPScanThread(threading.Thread):
     def __init__(self,func,args,name="",):
         threading.Thread.__init__(self)
         self.func = func
         self.args = args
         self.name = name 
         self.result = None
 
     def run(self):
         print("thread:{} :start scan CVE: {},xuehao:{}".format(self.args[1],self.args[0],self.args[2]))
         self.result = self.func(self.args[0],)
         print("thread:{} :stop scan CVE: {}".format(self.args[1],self.args[0]))
     def get_result(self):
         threading.Thread.join(self)
         try:
             return self.result
         except Exception:
             return "Error"
 def get_page_num(num=1,pageSize=100):
     url = "https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us"
     payload = "{\"familyIds\":[],\"productIds\":[],\"severityIds\":[],\"impactIds\":[],\"pageNumber\":" + str(num) + ",\"pageSize\":" + str(pageSize) + ",\"includeCveNumber\":true,\"includeSeverity\":false,\"includeImpact\":false,\"orderBy\":\"publishedDate\",\"orderByMonthly\":\"releaseDate\",\"isDescending\":true,\"isDescendingMonthly\":true,\"queryText\":\"\",\"isSearch\":false,\"filterText\":\"\",\"fromPublishedDate\":\"01/01/1998\",\"toPublishedDate\":\"03/02/2020\"}"
     headers = {
         'origin': "https//portal.msrc.microsoft.com",
         'referer': "https//portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-us/security-guidance",
         'accept-language': "zh-CN",
         'user-agent': "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/58.0.3029.110 Safari/537.36 Edge/16.16299",
         'accept': "application/json, text/plain, */*",
         'accept-encoding': "gzip, deflate",
         'host': "portal.msrc.microsoft.com",
         'connection': "close",
         'cache-control': "no-cache",
         'content-type': "application/json",
        }
 
     response = requests.request("POST", url, data=payload, headers=headers, verify = False)
     resultCount = json.loads(response.text)['count']
     return math.ceil(int(resultCount)/100)
 
 def update_cvekb_database(num=1,pageSize=100):
     pageCount = get_page_num()
     #for i in range(1,pageCount+1):
     i = 1
     pageCount=524
     tmpCount = ThreadCount
     while i <= pageCount:
         tmpCount = ThreadCount if (pageCount - i) >= ThreadCount else pageCount - i
         print("i:{},pageCount-i:{},ThreadCount:{},PageCount:{}".format(i,pageCount-i,ThreadCount,pageCount))
         time.sleep(0.5)    
         threads = []
         print("===============================")
         for j in range(1,tmpCount + 1):
             print("更新第{}页".format(i+j-1))
             t = CVEScanThread(update_onepage_cvedb_database,(i+j-1,j,),str(j))
             threads.append(t)
         for t in threads:
             t.start()
         for t in threads:
             t.join()
             # update_onepage_cvedb_database(num=i)
         i = i + tmpCount
         conn = sqlite3.connect(DBFileName)
         for sql in insertSQL:
             conn.execute(sql)
         conn.commit()
         conn.close()
         if tmpCount != ThreadCount:
             break
         
         
 def check_POC_every_CVE(CVEName=""):
     #apiKey = ""
     #url = "https://exploits.shodan.io/api/search?query=" + CVEName + "&key=" + apiKey
     url = "https://exploits.shodan.io/?q=" + CVEName
     try:
         response = requests.request("GET",url=url,verify=False,timeout=10)
         #total = json.loads(response.text)
     except Exception as e:
         print("Error,{}".format(CVEName))
         print(e)
         return "Error"
     if "Total Results" not in response.text:
         return "False"
     else:
         return "True"
 def update_onepage_cvedb_database(num=1,pageSize=100):
     url = "https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/api/security-guidance/en-us"
 
     payload = "{\"familyIds\":[],\"productIds\":[],\"severityIds\":[],\"impactIds\":[],\"pageNumber\":" + str(num) + ",\"pageSize\":" + str(pageSize) + ",\"includeCveNumber\":true,\"includeSeverity\":false,\"includeImpact\":false,\"orderBy\":\"publishedDate\",\"orderByMonthly\":\"releaseDate\",\"isDescending\":true,\"isDescendingMonthly\":true,\"queryText\":\"\",\"isSearch\":false,\"filterText\":\"\",\"fromPublishedDate\":\"01/01/1998\",\"toPublishedDate\":\"03/02/2020\"}"
     headers = {
         'origin': "https//portal.msrc.microsoft.com",
         'referer': "https//portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-us/security-guidance",
         'accept-language': "zh-CN",
         'user-agent': "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/58.0.3029.110 Safari/537.36 Edge/16.16299",
         'accept': "application/json, text/plain, */*",
         'accept-encoding': "gzip, deflate",
         'host': "portal.msrc.microsoft.com",
         'connection': "close",
         'cache-control': "no-cache",
         'content-type': "application/json",
        }
     try:
         response = requests.request("POST", url, data=payload, headers=headers, verify = False)
         resultList = json.loads(response.text)['details']
     except :
         print(response.text)
     conn = sqlite3.connect(DBFileName)
     create_sql = """Create Table IF NOT EXISTS {} (
        hash TEXT UNIQUE,
        name TEXT,
        KBName TEXT,
        CVEName TEXT,
        impact TEXT,
        hasPOC TEXT)""".format(TableName)
     conn.execute(create_sql)
     conn.commit()
     conn.close()
     for result in resultList:
         KBName = result['articleTitle1'] + ";" if (result['articleTitle1'] !=  None) and result['articleTitle1'].isdigit() else ""
         KBName += result['articleTitle2'] + ";" if (result['articleTitle2'] != None) and result['articleTitle2'].isdigit() else ""
         KBName += result['articleTitle3'] + ";" if (result['articleTitle3'] != None) and result['articleTitle3'].isdigit() else ""
         KBName += result['articleTitle4'] + ";" if (result['articleTitle4'] != None) and result['articleTitle4'].isdigit() else ""
         if KBName == "":
             continue
         h1 = hashlib.md5()
         metaStr = result['name'] + KBName + result['cveNumber'] + result['impact']
         h1.update(metaStr.encode('utf-8'))
         #hasPOC = check_POC_every_CVE(result['cveNumber'])
         # 收集到所有的KB后再搜索有没有公开的EXP
         hasPOC = ""
         sql = "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO "+TableName+" VALUES ('" + h1.hexdigest() + "','" + result['name'] + "','" + KBName + "','" + result['cveNumber'] + "','" + result['impact'] + "','" + hasPOC+"')"
         with lock:
             global insertSQL
             insertSQL.append(sql)
         # conn.execute(sql)
     # conn.commit()
     # conn.close()
     # pass
 
 def select_CVE(tmpList=[],windowsProductName="",windowsVersion=""):
     conn = sqlite3.connect(DBFileName)
     con = conn.cursor()
     intersectionList = []
     count = 0
     for i in tmpList:
         sql = 'select distinct(CVEName) from '+ TableName+' where (name like "'+ windowsProductName+'%'+ windowsVersion + '%") and ("'+ i +'" not in (select KBName from '+ TableName +' where name like "'+ windowsProductName+'%'+windowsVersion+'%")); '
         cveList = []
         for cve in con.execute(sql):
             cveList.append(cve[0])
         if count == 0:
             intersectionList = cveList.copy()
         count +=1
         intersectionList = list(set(intersectionList).intersection(set(cveList)))
     intersectionList.sort()
     for cve in intersectionList:
         sql = "select CVEName from {} where CVEName == '{}' and hasPOC == 'True'".format(TableName,cve)
         # print(sql)
         con.execute(sql)
         if len(con.fetchall()) != 0:
             print("{} has EXP".format(cve))
     # print(intersectionList)
 def update_hasPOC(key = "Empty"):
     conn = sqlite3.connect(DBFileName)
     con = conn.cursor()
     if key == "All":
         sql = "select distinct(CVEName) from {}".format(TableName)
     else:
         sql = "select distinct(CVEName) from {} where (hasPOC IS NULL) OR (hasPOC == '')".format(TableName)
 
     con.execute(sql)
     cveNameList = con.fetchall()
     i = 0
     count = 1
     while i < len(cveNameList):
         print("|=========={}============|".format(i))
         # tmpCount = ThreadCount if (len(cveNameList) - i) >= ThreadCount else len(cveNameList) - i
         # threads = []
         # for j in range(1,tmpCount+1):
         #     t = EXPScanThread(check_POC_every_CVE,(cveNameList[i+j][0],j,i+j,),str(j))
         #     threads.append(t)
         # for t in threads:
         #     t.start()
         # for t in threads:
         #     t.join()
         # j = 1
         # for t in threads:
         #     hasPOC = t.get_result()
         #     print(hasPOC)
         #     update_sql = "UPDATE "+TableName+" set hasPOC = '" + hasPOC + "' WHERE cveName == '" + cveNameList[i+j][0] +"';"
         #     conn.execute(update_sql)
         #     print("[+] update:{}".format(update_sql))
         #     j += 1
         # i=i+ThreadCount
         # conn.commit()
         hasPOC = check_POC_every_CVE(cveNameList[i][0])
         time.sleep(0.3)
         update_sql = "UPDATE "+TableName+" set hasPOC = '" + hasPOC + "' WHERE cveName == '" + cveNameList[i][0] +"';"
         conn.execute(update_sql)
         print(update_sql)
         count += 1
         i += 1
         if count == 10:
             conn.commit()
             print("[+]update")
             count = 1
     conn.commit()
     conn.close()
     print("Over")
 
 
 if __name__ == "__main__":
     banner = """
    ========CVE-EXP-Check===============
    |       author:JC0o0l               |
    |       wechat:JC_SecNotes         |
    |       version:1.0                 |
    =====================================
    """
     print(banner)
     if (not args.check_EXP ) and (not args.update_cve) and (not args.update_exp) and args.file is None:
         parser.print_help()
     if args.update_cve:
         update_cvekb_database()
     if args.update_exp:
         dbfile=Path(DBFileName)
         if dbfile.exists():
             update_hasPOC(key="Empty")
         else:
             print("请先使用-u 创建数据库")
             parser.print_help()
     if args.check_EXP:
         dbfile=Path(DBFileName)
         if not dbfile.exists():
             print("请先使用-u 创建数据库,之后使用 -U 更新是否有EXP")
             parser.print_help()
             exit()
         if args.file:
             with open(args.file,"r",encoding="utf-8") as f:
                 KBResult = json.load(f)
             windowsProductName = KBResult['basicInfo']['windowsProductName']
             windowsProductName = ((re.search("\w[\w|\s]+\d+[\s|$]",windowsProductName).group()).strip()).replace("Microsoft","").strip()
             windowsVersion = KBResult['basicInfo']['windowsVersion']
             print("系统信息如下:")
             print("{} {}".format(windowsProductName,windowsVersion))
             tmpKBList = KBResult['KBList']
             KBList = []
             for KB in tmpKBList:
                 KBList.append(KB.replace("KB",""))
             print("KB信息如下:")
             print(KBList)
             print("EXP信息如下:")
             select_CVE(tmpList=KBList,windowsProductName=windowsProductName,windowsVersion=windowsVersion)
         else:
             print("请输入.json文件")    
     

*本文作者:jerrybird,转载请注明来自FreeBuf.COM

本文转为转载文章,本文观点不代表威客安全立场。

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